Under the California Constitution, Justices of the Supreme Court and the Courts of Appeal are subject to confirmation by the voters. The public votes yes or no on whether to retain each justice.
These judicial offices are nonpartisan.
Before a person can become an appellate justice, the Governor must submit the candidates name to the Judicial Nominees Evaluation Commission, which is comprised of public members and lawyers. The commission conducts a thorough review of the candidates background and qualifications, with community input, and then forwards its evaluation of the candidate to the Governor.
The Governor then reviews the commissions evaluation and officially nominates the candidate, whose qualifications are subject to public comment before examination and review by the Commission on Judicial Appointments. That commission consists of the Chief Justice of California, the Attorney General of California, and a senior Presiding Justice of the Courts of Appeal. The Commission on Judicial Appointments must then confirm or reject the nomination.
Only if confirmed does the nominee become