|Criminal Law. Prohibition on Slaughter|
of Horses and Sale of Horsemeat for
Human Consumption. Initiative Statute.
This initiative measure is submitted to the people in accordance with the provisions of Article II, Section 8 of the California Constitution.
This initiative measure adds sections to the Penal Code; therefore, new provisions proposed to be added are printed in italic type to indicate that they are new.
PROPOSED LAW PROHIBITION OF HORSE SLAUGHTER AND
SALE OF HORSEMEAT FOR HUMAN
CONSUMPTION ACT OF 1998
SECTION 1. TITLE
This act shall be known and may be cited as the Prohibition of Horse Slaughter and Sale of Horsemeat for Human Consumption Act of 1998.
SEC. 2. FINDINGS AND DECLARATIONS
The people of the State of California find and declare:
(a) The horse is part of California's heritage, having played a major role in California's historical growth and development. Horses contribute significantly to the enjoyment of generations of recreation enthusiasts in California.
(b) Horses are not raised for food or fiber and are taxed differently than food animals.
(c) Hundreds of thousands of California horses have been slaughtered for food in order to provide a gourmet meat to foreign markets.
(d) Horses can be stolen, or purchased without disclosure or under false pretenses, to be slaughtered or shipped for slaughter. These practices have contributed to crime and consumer fraud.
SEC. 3. PURPOSE AND INTENT
The people of the State of California hereby declare their purpose and intent in enacting this act to be as follows:
(a) To prohibit the sale of horsemeat for food for human consumption in the State of California.
(b) To prohibit the slaughter of California horses to be used for food for human consumption.
(c) To recognize horses as an important part of California's heritage that deserve protection from those who would slaughter them for food for human consumption.
SEC. 4. Section 598c is added to the Penal Code, to read:
598c. (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, it is unlawful for any person to possess, to import into or export from the state, or to sell, buy, give away, hold, or accept any horse with the intent of killing, or having another kill, that horse, if that person knows or should have known that any part of that horse will be used for human consumption.
(b) For purposes of this section, "horse" means any equine, including any horse, pony, burro, or mule.
(c) Violation of this section is a felony punishable by imprisonment in the state prison for 16 months, or two or three years.
(d) It is not the intent of this section to affect any commonly accepted commercial, noncommercial, recreational, or sporting activity that relates to horses.
(e) It is not the intent of this section to affect any existing law that relates to horse taxation or zoning.
SEC. 5. Section 598d is added to the Penal Code, to read:
598d. (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, horsemeat may not be offered for sale for human consumption. No restaurant, cafe, or other public eating place may offer horsemeat for human consumption.
(b) Violation of this section is a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not more than one thousand dollars ($1,000), or by confinement in jail for not less than 30 days nor more than two years, or by both that fine and confinement.
(c) A second or subsequent offense under this section is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison for not less than two years nor more than five years.
SEC. 6. SEVERABILITY
If any provision of this act, or the application thereof to any person or circumstances, is held invalid or unconstitutional, that invalidity or unconstitutionality shall not affect other provisions or applications of this act that can be given effect without the invalid or unconstitutional provision or application, and to this end the provisions of this act are severable.